ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour
The ILO's International Programme on the
Elimination of Child Labour is the world's largest technical cooperation
programme on child labour. In more than 90 countries IPEC inspires,
guides and supports national initiatives to eliminate child labour.
What is the aim?
IPEC works toward the progressive elimination of
child labour by strengthening national capacities to address the
problem, and by creating a world-wide movement to combat it.
IPEC multi-sectoral strategy
n Motivating a broad alliance of partners
to acknowledge and act against child labour.
n Carrying out a situational analysis
to find out about child labour problems in a country.
n Assisting with developing and implementing
national policies on child labour problems.
n Strengthening existing organizations
and setting up institutional mechanisms.
n Creating awareness on the problem
nationwide, in communities and workplaces.
n Promoting the development and application
of protective legislation.
n Supporting direct action with (potential)
child workers for demonstration purposes.
n Replicating and expanding successful
projects into the programmes of partners.
n Mainstreaming child labour issues
into socio-economic policies, programmes and budgets.
Priority target groups
Worst forms of child labour, such as
n Slavery or similar practices
n Exploitation of children in prostitution,
pornography and for other illicit purposes
n Hazardous working conditions and
Children who are particularly vulnerable such as:
n Very young children (under 12)
n Working in hidden work situations
n Working girls
A strong commitment by the government to solve
the problem of child labour is a precondition for IPEC to start
activities in a country. This commitment is expressed in a Memorandum
of Understanding between the country and the ILO.
IPEC in Indonesia
Indonesia was among the first seven countries that
started with IPEC in 1992. The Government of Indonesia signed a
Memorandum of Understanding with the ILO at the start of the programme.
IPEC Indonesia has an office in Jakarta in the United Nations Building.
It has supported 67 Action Programmes and 26 Mini-programmes with
different partners under its core budget. Among the target groups
n children working in the dump-site
n children working in plantations
of East Java
n children working in fishing in Weleri
n children working with bleach in
n street children
IPEC gives technical support
to Action Programmes, which are implemented by national organizations
and financial aid as one of IPEC's indirect support. Support is
given to partner organizations to develop and implement measures,
n aim at preventing child labour
n removing children from hazardous
n providing their rehabilitation and
n providing alternatives for them
and their families (education, income-generation)
Government (main partners: Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration,
Ministry of National Education, Ministry of Social Welfare)
National Steering Committee
Each country that starts
an IPEC programme should establish a National Steering Committee
on child labour, which ensures that child labour activities are
in line with national policies and which coordinates the different
activities. The NSC sets priorities for the implementation of programmes
in line with the national policy on child labour. The NSC also selects
and endorses action programmes to be supported financially and technically
by IPEC. The NSC should have members from different governmental
institutions, non-governmental organizations, workers' organizations
and employers' organizations.
A lot of the programmes started as pilot projects.
Some were successful, others were not. Some have been replicated
and lessons have been learnt. Therefore IPEC is moving towards a
more mature programme in Indonesia with larger action programme
and large, comprehensive time-bound programmes which specifically
target one sector. Examples of the latter are: n
children working in the footwear industry
in West Java and
n children working on jermals
in North Sumatra.