Children who carry out all kind of work which harm
their physic, mental, intellectual and moral.
Child labour, why is it a problem?
For the child:
nIt denies fundamental
rights of children, such as the right to go to school, the right
to play, the right not to be abused.
are still growing and not yet fully formed. They experience poor
physical health because the work that they do exposes them to the
risk of injury or illness or is physically strenuous, such as carrying
heavy loads or being forced to adopt unnatural positions.
n Children suffer
more readily from chemical hazards and radiation than do adults
n Children have less
resistance to disease
work in environments that are exploitative, dangerous, degrading
and isolating. They often suffer ill-treatment, abuse and neglect
at the hand of their employers. Children may, as a consequence,
find it very difficult to form attachments and feelings for others.
They have problems interacting and cooperating with others and attaining
a real sense of identity and belonging. They often lack confidence
and experience feelings of low self-esteem
n Children are pushed
into adulthood before they are ready. They do not have time to participate
in activities that are a crucial part of growing up, such as playing,
going to school and socializing with peers. They do not obtain the
basic level of education that is needed to cope in life.
Immeasurable long-term costs to society
education have no chance to change their fate of staying poor. Poverty
may push children into work, but work at an early age will keep
them into poverty. The welfare of the nation is at stake.
nChildren, who started working at
an early age, may become physically unhealthy, emotionally scarred
Fact and Figures in Indonesia
nCentral Beurau Statistics (CBS):
in 1999-- 1,5 million children aged 10-14 years are working
nILO-IPEC: 6-8 million
children aged 10-14 years are working
Ad-hoc survey supported by ILO-IPEC: (survey on children aged 10-14
years) found that 50% children under 10 are working
is not jobs for kids. It is neither valuable work experience
nor apprenticeship combined with schooling that enhances a
child's present and future prospects. Child labour - in its
worst forms - is abuse of power. It is adults exploiting the
young, naive, innocent, weak, vulnerable and insecure for