ILO Worst forms of Child Labour Convention (182)
ratified by Indonesian Law No. 1/2000
is the law about?
It calls for immediate prohibition and elimination
of the worst forms of child labour for all children under 18 years
What are worst forms of child labour?
n child slavery n forced labour n trafficking n debt bondage n serfdom n compulsory recruitment of
children for use in armed conflict n prostitution n pornography n production and trafficking
of drugs n hazardous and exploitative
Are there exceptions?
No, children under 18 should not be allowed to
work in this form of labour, irrespective poverty.
Can we wait until the country is more developed?
Indonesia is legally bound to take immediate and
effective measures to secure prohibition and elimination as a matter
of urgency. Examples: enact national laws and regulations, enforce
the law by removing children, prevent by education, rehabilitate
and socially integrate these children
R190 WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR
RECOMMENDATION, 1999. RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING
THE PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE ACTION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE
WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR RECOMMENDATION ADOPTED BY THE CONFERENCE
AT ITS EIGHTY-SEVENTH SESSION, GENEVA, 17 JUNE 1999
ILO Minimum Age Convention (138) ratified by Indonesian
Law No. 20/1999
What is the law about?
It sets a standard for the age at which children
can legally be employed.
What is this minimum age?
The Indonesian government has declared that the
minimum age of employment is 15 years for all child labour.
Are there exceptions?
Yes: the minimum age is 18 years for dangerous
the minimum age is 13 years for light work
What is dangerous work?
Work which jeopardizes children's physical, mental
or moral health. examples: prostitution, deep sea
fishing, armed conflict, illegal activities, jermals, working underground
(mines), construction, but also making long working hours, working
with dangerous machines, carrying heavy loads
What is light work?
Work which does not threaten their health and safety,
or stop them from attending school or participating in vocational
orientation and training programmes examples:
helping in the parents' house for 2 hours a day with light household
work, helping the parents watering the crops for 1 hour a day, assisting
in a shop after school time for less than 3 hours.